Updated: Jun 12, 2019
Tips for Troubleshooting Jetdirect cards on networks with HP laser printers
Imagine this scenario; you go to your customer’s HP laser printer to replace the network card because it failed. You install the new card, plug it in to the network and the lights on the network card appear to be functioning properly. But the card will not print. Surprisingly, this happens to a lot of HP printer technicians and creates a lot of unnecessary warranty returns.
So you may be asking why the printer doesn’t print from the network card? There could be many reasons as to why this happens. The majority of them are due to the card being set up incorrectly.
Setting up a laser printer network card is fairly easy to do once you have the addresses
needed. Unfortunately since networks are dependent on how the IT person sets them up, we cannot go into detail on what IP addresses, Subnet Mask, and gateways to use. We will only cover the TCP/IP portion of networking since it is the most common.
What do all the numbers and abbreviations mean? Think of a network address as a house address. The IP address is the house number, the Subnet Mask is the street, and the gateway is the city. You can have multiple houses on a street and many streets in the city but you cannot have duplicate house addresses on the same street.
This causes problems, similar to a network. If you have duplicate IP addresses on the same Subnet Mask and gateway, it will cause mass confusion from the host server or the router. You can have two IP addresses that are the same, only if they are on a different Subnet Mask or gateway. You can have multiple Subnet Masks on the same gateway. This allows you to connect more computers to a network by sub networking. Think of it as adding another street to the city.
The Subnet Mask allows you to add more computers to the same gateway. You can also have different gateways. The gateway is the connection that the Subnet Mask and IP addresses use to connect to the outside world.
The gateway NETWORK is the bridge from the LAN (Local Area Network) to the WAN (Wide Area Network). The gateway can be a computer, a router or a modem. The device used acts as a traffic coordinator to help the packets of data get from point A to point B in the most efficient way possible.
Networks communicate with each other in the form of packets. Packets are kind of like mail. They have a destination address, a return address, and the information inside it. Once the data leaves one address, it travels across the network to its destination address and delivers the information to the correct address.
How do I know what IP address to use for the HP laser printer?
Well, with the old network card still in the machine you can print a configuration page (on HP printers) or a Network status page (on Lexmark printers). If the card is still functioning properly and plugged into the network, the printer will print all this information on these pages.
If the network card is not functioning properly or doesn’t print the information, then you will have to go through the computer to get it. To do this, go to the printer driver and right click the properties icon. Once there, click on the ports and it will tell you what the IP address of that printer is.
The hard part of this is that you still need to know the gateway and Subnet Mask. In many cases you can assume that the gateway and Subnet Mask are the same between the computer with the correct printer driver and the printer.
If the HP laser printer does not function after you set up the IP address, Subnet Mask, and gateway, you should get the addresses from the IT professional at the worksite to make sure the numbers you entered were correct.
You can try to ping the HP laser printer from a DOS prompt. If you do not know how to do this, goto the DOS prompt and type in “ping xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx” where the x’s are the IP address numbers. If it comes back with “request timed out”, the printer is not being seen on the network. The easiest thing you can do is print out a configuration page or a network status page. This will tell you if the printer is connected to the network.
In some cases, a bad network cable can cause problems. Also, make sure that the network cable is fully plugged into the jack. You should hear a click. A bad network cable can cause many problems, from loss of connectivity, intermittent connectivity, or no connectivity.
You may be asking what BOOTP (Bootstrap Protocol), DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol), and RARP (Reverse Address Resolution Protocol) on the network information page have to do with my network. BOOTP is an earlier version of DHCP. BOOTP automatically assigns an IP address from a list of IP addresses on the server.
DHCP is an advanced version of BOOTP. DHCP assigns an address from a central location, and this address can be configured to expire after a certain period of time. This allows the server to free up the users IP address when they disconnect from the network.
RARP requires a server to be manually configured with a list of IP addresses and MAC (Media Access Control) addresses.
The MAC address is the hardware serial number for the card, similar to the license plate on a car. These numbers are written into each card at the manufacturer, and are unique. RARP looks at the MAC address of the device and compares it to what the server has on file to get an IP address. If the MAC address is not manually configured to an address on the central server, it will not function on the network.